Hair loss, also known as Alopecia, refers to the loss or thinning of hair from scalp or body without inflammation or scarring. The causes of hair loss can be natural or man-made, both leading to psychological distress. However, the pattern and causes of hair loss in both male and female are different and can range from smaller area to complete body.

Common Causes of Hair Loss

Some of the most common causes of hair loss are female-pattern hair loss, male-pattern hair loss, alopecia Areata and telogen effluvium etc. Other possible reason for hair losses are Hypothyroidism, Acute Stress Disorder, skin rashes and conditions like malnutrition, suffering from diseases and hormonal imbalance.

As far as male-pattern hair loss is concerned, the cause is largely attributed to genetics and imbalance of male hormones while the cause of female pattern hair loss is not entirely clear.  Alopecia Areata is triggered due to auto-immune reaction while telogen effluvium is largely the result of physical or psychological stress and is common following pregnancy.

Types of Hair Loss

Hair loss caused due to malnutrition including iron deficiency, certain medications including chemotherapy, pulling out of hair, HIV/AIDS and hypothyroidism are man-made in nature. But, they are less common and is independent of scarring or inflammation are. While Alopecia caused due to lupus erythematous, fungal infection and radiation therapy results in scarring or inflammation.

Male pattern baldness

One of the most common kind of hair loss in men is pattern baldness and is bound to happen to almost every men at a particular stage of life. This disorder, occasionally known as androgenetic alopecia, typically takes 15-25 years to completely execute before men go hairless. But some turns bald in less than five years.

Generally, this kind of baldness starts with thinning of hair at temples and at the top of the head. Gradually, a bald patch appears at the center of the scalp i.e. crown. Later, the temples and crown expands and merge together and leave a patch at the front. In no time, the patch thins as well and a hair circumference is often left at the back and sides of the scalp. While in some men, this rim also disappears and they turns bald completely.

Hair loss in men is generally associated with diabetes, prostate cancer, high blood pressure, obesity and hypertension. It can happen as a response to anxiety or subsequently after illness, surgery and as side-effect of strong medicines, such as or blood thinners, anticoagulants and vitamin A supplements. Hair loss can also point toward a health disorder such as a fungal infection, lupus or a thyroid problem.

Female pattern hair loss

Women follows a different form of hair loss. According to experts, by age 50, around 40% of women starts losing hair and by the time they reach at the age of 80, more than 55% of women suffers severe hair loss. Only a limited population of women actually reaches with a full head of hair by the age of 80.

(FPHL) is a unique form of hair loss that affects women with androgenetic alopecia. In general, losing 50-100 strands a day is considered normal. In FPHL, the volume of hair reduces on scalp due to increased hair shedding leading to hair thinning.

Another ailment termed as chronic telogen effluvium represents increased hair shedding and is often mixed up with FPHL. It is imperative to distinguish between these conditions as supervision for both conditions vary.

FPHL is little complicated to detect as in comparison to male pattern baldness. In men, where baldness usually initiates with a disappearing frontal hairline that advances to a bald patch on the crown, in women, it is very rare to go bald unless there is undue production of androgens in the body.

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What Is The Growth Cycle Of Normal Hair?

The number of hair follicles on your scalp remains fixed since birth and they are responsible for producing hair all through the life. The rate at which hair grows from those follicle is about one cm per month for next three years. This phase of 3 years from birth, where hair is grown for the first time is referred as Anagen.

Soon after anagen comes catagen hair, where the strands dies and the growth is restricted. It remains there for next three month in dormant form and this phase is termed as telogen. After telogen, the phases from anagen to telogen repeats itself and produces new hair from the same follicle, pushing away the older telogen hair. This cycle continuous for lifetime. Hair fall or telogen effluvium is a trait of FPHL.

Alopecia Treatment- Basic Approach at Hair Ensure

We begin with an all-inclusive inspection to understand the nature of the problem and its speed of
progression. Further, we offer Capilloscopy to check follicular condition and scalp health. In case, we discover that alopecia is progressing, we prescribe simple amino acids along with hair nutritive supplements. We understand that scalp is the most sensitive area therefore our doctors refrain from giving tons of clinical therapies.

We focus more on dietary changes to robust your immunity and regularly take follow-ups to monitor the response. Sometimes, hair loss can be attributed to the kind of lifestyle being following including diet and sleeping habits. While dealing with Alopecia, it is vital to bring some changes in your lifestyle that includes avoiding stress. Meditation, Yoga and other relaxation therapies can also turn beneficial, if hair loss is due to stress.

How much does the Alopecia treatment cost?

The cost at Hair Ensure depends on the severity and type of Alopecia. If you want to know the price of Alopecia treatment and to understand the condition of your scalp, book an appointment with us today to meet our specialists.